Prostate Cancer


The prostate is the gland below a man's bladder that produces fluid for semen. Prostate cancer typically occurs in older men, and it is rare in men younger than 40.

Levels of a substance called prostate specific antigen (PSA) is often high in men with prostate cancer. However, PSA can also be high with other prostate conditions. Since the PSA test became common, most prostate cancers are found before they cause symptoms. Symptoms of prostate cancer may include

  • Problems passing urine, such as pain, difficulty starting or stopping the stream, or dribbling
  • Low back pain
  • Pain with ejaculation

Prostate cancer treatment often depends on the stage of the cancer. How fast the cancer grows and how different it is from surrounding tissue helps determine the stage. Men with prostate cancer have many treatment options. Options include watchful waiting, surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy and chemotherapy. You may have a combination of treatments.

Source: MedlinePlus

Note: This topic was prepared to help consumers find reliable health resources on the web. This site is not responsible for the information on other sites. The information here — and on all websites — is not intended to be a substitute for care given to you by a health professional.

Recommended Reading

This site gives a brief overview of prostate cancer and then numerous links to other sources providing detailed information, the latest news, diagnosis/symptoms, treatment, prevention/screening, disease management, related issues, clinical trials, research, financial issues, research, journal articles and more.

Mayo Clinic
This site explains in detail what prostate cancer is, where it occurs, symptoms, risk factors and causes, preparing for a doctor’s visit if prostate cancer is suspected, tests and diagnosis, alternative medicine, coping and support, and prevention.

National Cancer Institute
This site provides a definition of prostate cancer and information or links to information about treatment, prevention, genetics, causes, screening and testing, clinical trials, cancer literature, research and related information, and statistics. Información en Español.

American Cancer Society
This site gives videos and guides about prostate cancer with information including an overview, symptoms, diagnosis, early detection, staging, treating, talking with your doctor, life after treatment and more.

This site provides oncologist-approved cancer information from the American Society of Clinical Oncology, including fact sheets and videos.

This organization offers support for those affected by cancer and is engaged in programs and partnerships to increase cancer awareness and raise money for research. Información en Español.

Local Resources

Patient Navigator Program, UCHealth
The Patient Navigator Program is a free service of University of Colorado Health for residents of northern Colorado. Trained Patient Navigators are familiar with local and national resources for cancer and can provide support, information and guidance to patients and their families. To arrange a consultation, call 970-237-7700. The program also provides help exploring treatment options and offering guidance regarding complementary healthcare practices during treatment and recovery. Patient Navigators, however, do not give medical advice.

A part of the Lubick Foundation, RamStrength is a nonprofit organization that supports northern Colorado survivors of all cancer types with financial assistance for basic needs, scholarships, programs and services.

9Health Fair
The annual 9Health Fair, which takes place in several locations in northern Colorado, provides free and low-cost health awareness and educational screenings, including a PSA test at some locations.

Poudre River Public Library District
Search the library collection for books about prostate cancer, or use the library's health, sciences and technology databases.

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