Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose (blood sugar) levels are too high. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. With Type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With Type 2 diabetes, the more common type, the insulin your body does make is not able to keep up to demand and blood sugar levels rise. When this system does not work properly, the glucose stays in your blood.

Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause serious problems. It can damage your eyes, kidneys and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease, stroke and even the need to remove a limb. Pregnant women can also get diabetes, called gestational diabetes.

Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes may include fatigue, thirst, weight loss, blurred vision and frequent urination. Some people have no symptoms. A blood test can show if you have diabetes. Exercise, weight control and sticking to your meal plan can help control your diabetes. You should also monitor your glucose level and take medicine if prescribed.

Source: MedlinePlus

Note: This topic was prepared to help consumers find reliable health resources on the web. This site is not responsible for the information on other sites. The information here — and on all websites — is not intended to be a substitute for care given to you by a health professional.

Recommended Reading

American Diabetes Association
The American Diabetes Association is the nation's leading nonprofit health organization providing diabetes research, information and advocacy. The mission of the organization is to prevent and cure diabetes and to improve the lives of all people affected by diabetes.

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse
This diabetes overview is provided by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health.

National Diabetes Education Program
The National Diabetes Education Program is a partnership of of the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and more than 200 public and private organizations.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes results from the body's failure to produce insulin, the hormone that allows glucose to enter cells to provide energy. It is estimated that about 5 percent of Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have Type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes, American Diabetes Association
This link includes basic information on Type 1 diabetes and links to more detailed information on nutrition, exercise, complications and juvenile diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

In Type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin properly (insulin resistance), and over time isn't able to make enough insulin to keep blood sugar at normal levels. Type 2 diabetes is the more common type of diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes, American Diabetes Association
This link includes basic information on Type 2 diabetes and links to information on understanding, preventing and managing the disease.

Are You at Risk for Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Test, American Diabetes Association
Find out if you're at risk for diabetes. Información en Español.

Local Resources

Diabetes Management, UCHealth
This page on the University of Colorado Health website provides information about diabetes and local diabetes services.

Poudre River Public Library District
Search the library collection for books about diabetes, or use the library's health, sciences and technology databases.

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