Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) is the medical specialty that deals with the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of the head and neck. They are commonly referred to as ENT physicians.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases of the sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity, upper pharynx (mouth and throat), and structures of the neck and face, as well as many ENT-related primary care problems in both children and adults.
After medical school and specialty training, physician must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. In addition, some otolaryngologists pursue a one- or two-year fellowship for more extensive training in a subspecialty area including pediatric otolaryngology (children), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), rhinology (nose), and sleep.
Source: MedlinePlus and American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
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- American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
- Full patient section on ear health, children's hearing, sinuses, head and neck cancer, temporomandibular joint (TMJ), ENT surgery, and more.
- American Board of Otolaryngology
- Includes licensing and education requirements for otolaryngologists.